Profit & Loss

Type-1
1) An article of cost price Rs 8000 is marked at Rs 11200. After allowing X% discount a profit of 12% is made. The value of X is:- a)21%,b)20%,c)22%d)23%.
2) The price of sugar is increased by 20% then reduced by 20%. If the reduced price is 10.80 per kg. Find the original price of 8 kg of sugar. a) 75,b)180,c)80,d) none of these.
3)A trader marks a television with rice which is 20% more than the cost price and allows a discount of 10% on cash. Find his gain in percentage. a) 8%,b)15%,c)10%d)12%.
4)A dealer allows a discount of 10% on the marked price. Then again a discount of 20% is allowed. Find a single discount equivalent to the above discount. a)35%, b)55% c)70% d)50%.
5)A dealer buys an article for Rs 380. At what price must the dealer mark it so that after allowing a discount of 5% he still makes a profit of 25%?. a) Rs 500,b)400,c)300,d)600.
6) A trader marks his goods 405 above cost price and allows a discount of 25%. The profit he makes is:-a) 15%,b)10%,c)5%,d)2%.
7)A trader marks his good 20% higher then the cost price and then gives 20% discount on the marked price. The profit or loss for selling the products is:- a) 4%L,b)10%P,c)4%P,d)10%L.
8)The mark price of a shop keeper of an article is 30% higher than the cost price. If he sells the article allowing 10% discount to customers, then the gain % will be:- a) 17%,b)15%, c) 25/2%,d)50/3%.
9)A shopkeeper allows a discount of 10% to his customers and still gains 20%. Find the marked price of the article which cost Rs 450.a)600,b)540,c)660,d)580.
10)What is the maximum discount that a merchant can offer on his marked price so that he ends up selling at no profit or loss, if he initially marked his goods up by 40%. a)33.5%,b)28.5%,c)60%,d)None of these.
TYPE-2
1) A shopkeeper offers a discount of 10% on his articles. The marked price of the article is Rs 450. Find the selling price of the article. a)405,b)400,c)395,d)410.
2) A loses of 10% by selling an article for Rs 180. What price should he sell it to gain 10%? a) Rs200,b)216,c)220,d)217.80.
3)A pair of article was brought for Rs 37.40 at a discount of 155, What must be the marked price of each of the articles? a) Rs11, b) 44,c) 33,d)22.
4)The marked price of a book is Rs 1920. The book shop owner alows a discount of 20% and gains 28%. If no discount is allowed what is his gain percentage? a) 38%,b)48%,c)50%,d)60%.
5)The profit earned by a shopkeeper by selling an article at a gain of 8% is Rs 28 more than when he sells it at a loss of 8%. The cost price of the article is. a) Rs170,b)190,c)175,d)165.
6)A dealer allows his customers a discount of 25 % and still gains 25%. If the cost price of the article is Rs 720, Then the marked price is:- a) Rs1400,b)1300,c)1200,d)1100.
7)The difference of selling price of and article at profits of 25% and 20% is Rs 10. The cost price of that article is:-a) 150, b)200,c)250, d)110.
8)A shopkeeper marks his article at Rs 60 and sells it at a discount of 15%. He also gives a gift worth Rs 3. If he still makes 20% profit, the cost price in Rupees is:- a) 22,b)32,c)40,d)42.
9)An Increase in the sale price of an article by Rs 2.80 changes a loss of 7% to gain of 7%. Find the cost price of the article. a)20 ,b)15,c)25,d)12
10) Praveen sold an article at a profit of 12%. Had he sold it for Rs 1.80 more, 18% profit would have gained. Find cost price of the article. a)20,b)50,c)25,d)30.
Type-3
1) Successive discount of 50% and 50% is equivalent to :- a)100%, b)755,c)50%,d)25%.
2) A single discount equivalent to successive discount of 20%, 10% and 5% is :- a)31.6%,b)36.1%,c)35%,d)35.6%.
3)The price of a bicycle is marked at Rs 1200. If successive discounts of 20%, 10%, 5% be allowed, then the sale price of the bicycle. a)820.80,b)780,c)800,d)821.20.
4)A dealer buys a table listed at Rs 1500 and gets successive discount of 20% and 10%. He spends Rs 20 on transportation and sells it at a profit of 20%. The selling price of the table is:- a) 1320, b)1092.96,c)1125, d)1100.
5) After 3 Successive discount of 20% , 10%, and 10% a washing machine was for Rs 6480. Then the original marked price of the washing machine was:- a) 8960, b)10000,c)12000, d)11000.
6)A single discount equivalent to the 3 successive discount of 30%, 20% and 10% is given by:- a) 50.60,b)49.40, c)50.40,d)49.60.
7)The marked price of a piano was Rs 15000. At the time of the sale there were successive discounts of 20%, 10% and 10% respectively on it. The sale price was:- a)9720, b)9750,c)9760,d)9780.
8)Alex sold his goods after announcing two successive discounts 30% each. The effective discount altogether is:- a)52%,b)40,c)50,d)51.
9) Find the equivalent discount of the series of successive discounts of 25%, 20% and 10%. a)54%,b)46,c)55,d)45.
10) A television set is offered at Rs 4000 with succesive discount of 15%, 20% and 25%. Find the selling price of the TV set. a) 2000, b) 2240,c)2040,d)2400.
TYPE-4
1) The cost price of 18 articles is equal to the selling price of 15 articles. The gain is :- a) 25%, b) 20%, c)18%, d) 15%.
2)By selling 44 articles, a shopkeeper gains the selling price of 11 articles. his percentage of gain is:- a) 20%, b) 25% c) 92/3% d) 100/3%.
3)A clothe merchant on selling 33 meters of cloth obtains a profit equal to the selling price of 11 meter of cloth. The profit is:- a) 50%, b)11%,c)40%,d)22%.
4) IF the cost price of 12 pens is equal to the selling price of 8 pen, the gain % is:- a) 25%, b) 50%, c) 100/3%,d) 200/3%.
5) A man sold 250 chairs and had a gain equal to selling price of 50% chairs. his profit % is:- a) 25%, b) 50%, c) 15% ,d) 20%.
6)By selling 25 meter clothes a trader gains the selling price of 5 meter of cloth. The gain of the trader in percentage is:- a) 25%, b) 20%, c) 28%, d) 29%.
7)On selling 17 balls at Rs 720 there is a loss equal to the cost price of 5 balls. The cost price of a ball is:- a)Rs45,b) 50, c) 55, d) 60.
8)By selling 60 articles a vendor gains the selling price of 15 articles. Find his gain percentage: a) 100/3,b) 200/7,c)25,d)20%.
9)A vendor losses the selling price of 4 oranges on selling 36 oranges. His loss percentage is:- a) 10%, b) 9%, c) 25/2%, d) 23/2.
10)By selling 100 oranges, a vendor gains the selling price of 20 oranges. His gain percentage is:- a) 20%, b) 25, c)30, d) 32.
TYPE-5
1) A reduction of 20% in the price of sugar enables Mr Bhadra to Buy an extra 5 kg of it for Rs 320. The original Price rate of Sugar is:- a) 12/kg,b) 15/kg,c) 16/kg,d)20/kg.
2) With a 5% discount on the cost of sugar, a buyer could purchase 2 kg more sugar for Rs 608. Selling price of sugar is:- a)15.50,b) 15,c)16.50,d)16.
3)Due too an increase in 20 % in the price of eggs, 2 eggs less are available for Rs 24. The present rate of eggs per dozen is:- a) Rs25,b) 26.20,c) 27.80,d) 28.80.
4) when the price of orange is reduced by 20% it enables a man to purchase 20 more oranges for Rs 40. The reduced price of an orange is:- a) 40Paise, b) 50Paise, c) 56Paise, d) 69Paise.
5)A reduction of 10% in the price of commodity enables a person to buy 25 kg more for Rs 225. The original price of the commodity per kg was:- a) 2.50, b) 1.50,c0 2,d)1.
6)When the sugar price decrease by 10%, a man could buy 1 kg more for Rs 270. Then the original price of Sugar per Kg is:- a) Rs25, b) 30,, c)27, d) 32.
7)A reduction of 20% in the price of sugar enables a purchaser to obtain 2.5kg. more for Rs 160. Find the original and reduced price per kg:- a) 16,12.80, b) 15,13, c) 17,14.50, d) 18,15.50.
8)A reduction of 25% on the price of rice enables a man to purchase 5 kg rice more in Rs 400 then what is the reduced price of the rice:- a) 15,b) 25,c) 22,d) 20.
9)A reduction of 20 % in the price of oranges enables a man to buy 5 more oranges for Rs 10. The Price of an orange before reduction was:- a) 20P, b) 40P, c) 50P, d) 60P.
10)A reduction of 20 % on the price of rice enables a man to purchase 2 kg more rice in Rs 100. Then the reduced price of the rice is:- a) 50,b)10,c) 40,d) 60.
Type-6
1) A cow and a horse costs Rs 5000 together. If by selling the horse at 20% profit and the cow at 105 loss, on the whole a profit of 5%is made then find the cost price of the horse. a) 3500, b) 3000, c) 2750,d) 2500.
2) Two horses are purchased for rs 4500 one sold at a profit of 20% and the other at a loss of 40%. If the selling price of both is same, find overall profit or loss. a) 20%P, b) 20%L, c) 25%P, d) 25%L
3) A man purchased two horses for Rs 2500 one sold at a profit of 20% and the other at a profit of 45%. But on the whole these is a profit of 30% is made. Find the cost price of the horse which was purchased at higher rate. a) Rs1500, b) 1000, c) 750, d) 1250.
4)A trader bought two horses for Rs 19500. He sold one at a loss of 20% and the other at a profit of 15%. If the selling price of each horse is the same, Then their cost prices are respectively. a) 10000 9500, b) 11500,8000, c) 12000, 7500 , d) 10500, 9000
5)Maninder bought two horses at Rs 4000 each. He sold one horse at 15% gain, but had to sell the second horse at a loss.. If he had suffered a loss of Rs 360 on the whole transaction, then the selling of the second horse is:- a) 30000, b) 30200, c)30300, d) 30400.
6)Two item A and B are sold at a profit of 10% and 15% respectively, If the amount of profit received is the same, then the cost price of A and B may be:- a)1000, 1500, b)5000,2000, c) 3000, 2000, d) 3000, 5000.
7) A man bought two goats for Rs 1008. He sold one at a profit of 44%. If each g,b) oat was sold for the same price of the goat which was sold at loss was:- a) 648,b)360,c)568,d)440.
8) A man buys 5 horses and 7 oxen for Rs 5850. He sells the horses at a profit of 10% and Oxen at a profit of 16% and his whole gain is 711. What price doe he pay for a horse. a) 550, b)650,c)750, d)800.
TYPE-7
1) A sells a suitcase to B at 10% profit. B sell it to C at 30% profit. If C pays 2860 for it then the price at which A bought it is:- a) 1000, b)1600, c) 2000, d) 2500.
2) A sells an article to B at a gain of 20% and B sells it to C at a gain of 10% and C sells it to D at a gain of 25/2 %. If D pays Rs 29.70, A purchased the article for. a) 10, b) 20, c) 30, d) 40.
3)The value of an article depreciate every year at the rate of 10% of its value. If the present value of the articles Rs 729, then its worth 3 years ago :- a) 800, b)900,c)1000,d)1200.
4) The population of a village decreases at the rate of 20% per annum. If its population 2 years ago was 10,000, the present population is:- a) 4600, b) 6400, c) 7600, d) 6000.
5) A sells a goods to B at a profit of 20% and b sells it to C at a profit of 25%. If C pays Rs 225 for it, what was the cost price for A. a) 100, b) 150, c) 175, d) 200.
6) A sells a bicycle to b at a profit of 305 and B sell it to C at a loss of 205. If C pays Rs 520 for it, at what price did A buy. a) 400, b) 500, c) 600, d) 550.
7) Manju sells an article to Anju at a profit of 25%. Anju sells it to sonia at a gain of 10% and sonia sells to Bobby at a profit of 5%. If sonia sells it for Rs 231, find the cost price at which manju bought the article. a)150,b)160, c)170, d)180.
8)A sells a pen to B at a gain of 20% and B sells it to C at gain of 10% and C sells it to D at a gain of 12.5%. If D pays s 14.85, What did it cost to A:- a) 15, b) 10, c) 20, d) 25
Miscellaneous
1) A publisher printed 3000 copies of a book at a cost of Rs 24000. He gave 500 copies free to different institutions. He sold the remaining copies allowing a discount of 25% on the printed price and also giving one extra copy free for every 24 copies bought. If the printed price is Rs 40. His gain % is:- a) 50%, b) 100%, c) 200%, d) 300%.
2) A publisher printed 2000 copies of a book at a cost Rs 70000. He distributes 400 copies free as specimen 400 copies. He gave 30% discount on printed price and the printed price of each book is Rs 75, what is his gain or loss Percentage. a) 10%Gain, b) 20%L, c) 10%L, d) 10%Gain.

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