Astonishing River System of India

Astonishing River System of India

Astonishing River System of India

On the basis of Source of Rivers, River System of India is divided into two parts:- Himalayan River System & Peninsular River System.

Himalayan River system of India is further divided into three parts on the three major Rivers of India. These Rivers are also called Antecedent Rivers, they are- Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra.

Indus River System

Astonishing river system of India

Important Facts related to the competitive Exams

  • The origin of Indus River is in Tibet near Mansarovar Lake in China.
  • From Origin to Destination Indus river crosses three Countries.
  • The length of the Indus river is 3180 km.
  • It is the longest river in Pakistan.
  • It is the National river of Pakistan.
  • The total Drainage area of Indus river is- 1165000 km2.
  • The annual flow of water in this river is 243 km3.
  • The major Tributaries of Indus Rivers are- Satluj, Beas, Chenab, Ravi and Jhelum.
  • The combined form of all these five tributaries is known as Panjnad.
  • The meeting point of the Panjnad and Indus river is Mithankot in Pakistan.
  • Chenab is the largest tributary of the Indus River.
  • Chenab River originates from Baralacha La pass in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Satluj River originates from Rakas lake in Mansarovar Tibet.
  • Jhelum River originates from Verinag in Kashmir.
  • Bhakra Nangal Dam is located on Jhelum river in India.
  • Beas & Ravi Rivers originate from Rohtang Pass in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Indus Water treaty was signed between India and Pakistan on 19 Sep 1960, according to this treaty, 80% of the water of Indus and its tributaries are used by Pakistan and rest 20% by India.

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The Ganges River System

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Ganga River

  • The Origin of The Ganges is Gangotari Glacier in Uttarakhand.
  • The Name of Ganga at the origin place is Bhagirathi.
  • Bhagirathi is called Ganga from Devprayag where Alaknanda river merge with Bhagirathi in Uttarakhand.
  • The origin of Alaknanda is Satoanth Glacier in Badrinath.
  • From origin to destination Ganga river crosses five states of India they are:- Uttarakhand, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal.
  • Ganga is the national river of India.
  • The length of Ganga from origin to destination in India is 2525 km.
  • Gangetic Dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India.
  • Ganga river enters into Plain area at Haridwar.
  • Ganga divided into two parts at Farakka in West Bengal.
  • First part flows in Bangladesh with name Padma.
  • Second part flows from West Bengal with name Hooghly.
  • Farakka Barrage is the easternmost point of India and border of India and Bangladesh where the name of Ganga changes to the Padma.
  • Jamuna is the largest distributary of the Brahmaputra in Bangladesh.
  • Padma river in Bangladesh made estuary in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Hoogly river enters into the Bay of Bengal at Sagar Island.
  • Hooghly river made the largest river Delta of the world known as Sundarban.
  • Sundarban is the home of Royal Bengal Tiger.
  • Sundarban is named by the Sundari tree found in this area.
  • The major left side tributaries of Ganga are- Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghra, Gandak, Koshi & Mahananda
  • The Yamuna, Tamas, Punpun and Son are the four major right-side tributaries of Ganga.

Left Side Tributaries of Ganga


  • It originates from Dudhatoli range in Uttarakhand.
  • Ancient Name of Ramganga is Rathvahini.
  • It flows through Jim Corbet National Park.
  • It merge with Ganga at Fatehgarh district in Uttar Pradesh.

Gomti River

  • Gomti River originates from Gomat Taal in Pilphit district in Uttar Pradesh.
  • It merges with Ganga in Varanasi Uttar Pradesh.

Ghaghra River

  • It Originates from Mansarovar Lake in Tibet.
  • It merges with Ganga in Ravelgunj in Bihar.
  • It is the longest river of Nepal with length 507 km.
  • It is the largest tributary of Ganga.

Gandak River

  • It originates from Nhubine Himal Glacier in Nepal.
  • It merges with Ganga in Sonpur Bihar.

Koshi River

  • it originates from the border of Nepal and Tibet.
  • It merges with Ganga near Kursela in Katihar District.
  • This river is known as Sorrow of Bihar.

Mahananda River

  • Mahananda River originates from Darjeeling Hills.
  • It merges with the Padma at Godagiri, Nawabganj district in Bangladesh.
  • The length of this river is 360 km.

Right Side Tributaries of Ganga

Yamuna River

  • The Yamuna originates from Yamunotri Glacier in Uttarakhand.
  • Yamuna meets Ganga at Allahabad/Prayagraj.
  • Tributaries of Yamuna river are Chambal, Sindh, Betwa, Ken, Tons.
  • Chambal river originates from Singar chouri peak in Indore.
  • Chambal Valley project inaugurated in 1954 by the joint venture of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh Govt.
  • There are three Dams in the Chambal Valley project they are:- Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Jawahar sagar Dam.
  • Gandhi Sagar Dam was made in 1960 and located in Mandsaur at the border of Rajasthan and MP.
  • Rana Pratap sagar Dam was made in 1970 and located at Rawatbhata Chittorgarh Rajasthan.
  • Jawahar Sagar Dam was made in 1972 and located at Kota in Rajasthan.
  • Sindh river originates from Malwa Plateau in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Tons river is the largest tributary of Yamuna originates from Bandarpoonch mountain in Uttarakhand.
  • Betwa river originates from Vindhya range in Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Ken River originates from Vindhya range in Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh.
  • Ken-Betwa river project is India’s first interstate river interlinking project

Tamas River

  • The origin of Tamas river is Kaimur range in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It merge in Ganga river at Sirsa in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The total length of Tamas river is 264 km.

Sone River

  • The source of Sone river is Amarkantak plateau in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It merges with Ganga in Patna Bihar.

PunPun River

  • This river originates from Plamu district in Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand.
  • It merge with Ganga at Fatuha near Patna in Bihar.

Brahmaputra River System

  • The origin of Brahmaputra river is Angsi Glacier in Mansarovar lake in Tibet.
  • The name of this river is Yarlung Tsangpo.
  • The length of this river is 3969 km. (In NCERT-2880 km).
  • From Namcha Barwa Canyon it enters into Arunachal Pradesh in India.
  • In Arunachal Pradesh its name is Siang river.
  • In Assam its name is Luit.
  • Brahmaputra river makes the largest river island in the world name as Majuli Island.
  • From Garo Hills in Assam it enters into Bangladesh.
  • The two distributeries of Brahmaputra river are Jamuna and Old Brahmaputra in Bangladesh.
  • The major left side tributaries of this river are Dibang, Lohit, Dihing, Kopili.
  • The major Right side tribueries of this river are Subansiri, Kameng, Manas, Teesta.
  • Subansiri river is known as Gold river due to gold dust found in it.
  • Kaziranga national park is located near Kameng river in Assam.
  • Teesta river is known as the Lifeline of Sikkim.

peninsular River System of India

  • Peninsular rivers are generally seasonal rivers.
  • Peninsular Rivers are divided into two parts:- Towards the Arabian Sea & Towards Bay of Bengal.
  • Major west-flowing rivers of this system are:- Narmada, Tapi, Mahi & Sabarmati and enter into the sea through the Gulf of Khambhat.
  • The origin of Sabarmati river is in Aravali range in Rajasthan.
  • Narmada river originates from Amarkantak Peak of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Narmada is the largest West flowing river of Peninsular.
  • The length of this river is 1310 KM.
  • Narmada river forms Dhuandhar falls in Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh.
  • Sardar Sarovar and Indira sagar Dam are located on Narmada river.
  • The origin of Tapi river is Satpura range in Madhya Pradesh.
  • The dams located on Tapi rivers are Ukai dam in Gujrat, Hathnur & Girna Dam in Maharashtra.
  • Tapi river is also known as “Twin of Narmada”.
  • The origin of Mahi river is Vindhya range in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Important Dams on Mahi river are Bajaj Sagar dam & Kadana Dam in Rajasthan.
  • Luni is the largest river of Indian desert i.e Thar desert.
  • The origin of Luni river is Pushker Valley in Ajmer.
  • Luni is the only river in India which has salty water.
  • Luni is the only river which never enters into the sea it vanishes in the Rann of Kutch.
  • Major East flowing rivers of Peninsular river system are:- Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna & Kaveri
  • The origin of Mahanadi is Sihawa mountain in Chattisgarh.
  • It flows through Chattisgarh and Odhisa with 851 km length.
  • The longest earthern dam of the world Hirakud Dam is located on Mahanadi river in Odhisha.
  • Mahanadi was called the sorrow of Odhisa.
  • Godavari is known as Dakshin Ganga.
  • The origin of this river is Nashik in Maharashtra.
  • The length of this river is 1465 km.
  • The origin of Krishna river in Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra.
  • The length of this river is 1401 km.
  • Vijayawada is the largest city located on this river in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The origin of Kaveri river is Brahmagiri range in Karnataka.
  • Shivsamudram Falls located on Kaveri river.

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